Professor Craig Brandist
BA (CCAT), MA, Dphil (Sussex), Professor of Cultural Theory and Intellectual History
Telephone: +44 (0)114 222 7413
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
I began work on Cultural Theory as a graduate student in the late 1980s. After completing my doctorate, which included a considerable amount of time and research in Russia, I spent a period as Max Hayward Research Fellow at St Antony´s College, Oxford.
I joined the department at Sheffield in January 1997, originally as a Research Fellow working on a project to uncover the intellectual sources of the ideas of the Bakhtin Circle. From 2003-2009 I directed the AHRC-funded project The Rise of Sociological Linguistics in the Soviet Union, 1917–1938: Institutions, Ideas and Agendas.
I am also President of Sheffield UCU.
My research is currently focused on the history of cultural theory, particularly as it was affected by the Russian Revolution and its subsequent degeneration. I am particularly interested in highlighting the continuing relevance and influence of early Soviet intellectual history for social and cultural theory today.
I have long been interested in the interaction between Marxism, phenomenology, Gestalt Theory and various forms of linguistic and cultural theory within the specific context of early-Soviet Russia. Some of the figures with whom my research engages at present include Lev Vygotskii and his Circle, the Bakhtin Circle, N.Ia. Marr, I.G. Frank-Kamenetskii, O.M. Freidenberg, K.R. Megrelidze. Isaak Shpil´rein and Lev Iakubinskii. However, I am also interested in the changing institutional contexts within which these figures worked and the way in which the shaped the development of the fields to which they contributed. This has developed into work on the parallels between Stalinist and neo-liberal reforms in the public sector and in Higher Education in particular, and the ways in which they affect intellectual labour and research.
Most recently I have been working on the relationship between the anti-imperial policies of the revolutionary movement and early Soviet state and the development of an ideology critique of the main trends in European philology and oriental studies. This has significant implications for understanding the origins of post-colonial scholarship and the way in which ideas such as 'hegemony' are employed today. This has resulted in my latest monograph The Dimensions of Hegemony: Language, Culture and Politics in Revolutionary Russia, and in some ongoing research on early Soviet Oriental Studies.
I have also been researching the years Antonio Gramsci spent in Russia, which will result in a collection of articles and archival materials co-edited with Peter Thomas of Brunel University.
- Back in the USSR: the risks of Soviet-style managerialism in UK universities. Times Higher Education, 5 May 2016.
- 'Bakhtin’s Historical Turn and Its Soviet Antecedents', Bakhtiniana. Revista de Estudos do Discurso 11(1), 2016, pp. 17-38. Portuguese translation here.
- 'From "Neophilology" to "Sociological Poetics": Alternatives to Formalism in Literary Scholarship in Leningrad in the 1920s', Knowledge Cultures, 3(4) 2015, pp. 17-34.
- 'Interview', April 2015 in Frontier, and Mukto-Mona.
- The Dimensions of Hegemony: Language, Culture and Politics in Revolutionary Russia (Leiden etc.: Brill, 2015)
- 'My Rallies of Endeavour Will Ensure the Impact Our Dear Leaders Desire' (A Very Stalinist Management Model), Times Higher Education, 29 May 2014.
- ‘The Cultural and Linguistic Dimensions of Hegemony: Aspects of Gramsci’s Debt to Early Soviet Cultural Policy’, Journal of Romance Studies, 12.3 (Winter 2012), pp. 24-43.
- Repensando o círculo de Bakhtin: novas perspectivas na história intellectual, ed. and translated by Maria Inês Batista Campos and Rosemary Hohlenwerger Schettini, (São Paulo, Editora Contexto, 2012)
- (with Katya Chown, ed.) Politics and the Theory of Language in the USSR 1917-1938: The Birth of Sociological Linguistics (London: Anthem Press, 2010, 2011)
- ‘The Place of ILIaZV in the Developement of the Ideas of the Bakhtin Circle’, in Vasilii Shchukin (ed.) Bakhtin, Evropa, vek dvadtsatyi. Sbornik statei, Cracow: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellonskiego, 2006, pp. 73-84.
- ‘The Rise of Soviet Sociolinguistics from the Ashes of Völkerpsychologie’, Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 42(3) 2006, pp. 261-77.
- ‘Neobkhodimost´ intellektual´noi istorii’ [The necessity of intellectual history], Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie, 79 (3) 2006, pp. 56-68.
- ‘Voloshinov’s Dilemma: on the Philosophical Sources of the Bakhtinian Theory of Dialogue and the Utterance’, in Craig Brandist, David Shepherd and Galin Tihanov (eds.) The Bakhtin Circle: In the Master’s Absence (Manchester: Manchester University press, 2004), pp. 97-124.
- ‘The Origins of Soviet Sociolinguistics’, Journal of Sociolinguistics 7(2), 2003, pp. 213-31.
- The Bakhtin Circle: Philosophy, Culture and Politics. (London: Pluto Press, 2002).
Recent lectures, papers etc.
- ‘The Early Soviet Critique of Indo-European Philology and the Rise of Post-Colonial Theory’, Humanities Research Centre Seminar, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia, April 2015.
- ‘Gramsci in Russia’, Debesh Chakraborty Memorial Lecture, Centre for Marxist Studies (CMS), Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India, March 2015. Coverage in The Statesman 23 March 2015.
- 'The East Side of the Circle: The work of Mikhail I. Tubianskii', 15th International Bakhtin Conference, Stockholm, Sweden 23-27 July, 2014.
- ‘Bakhtinian Pedagogy in Historical Perspective’, Keynote address sponsored by the Philosophy of Education Society of Australasia to The Fourth International Interdisciplinary Conference on Perspectives and Limits of Dialogism in Mikhail Bakhtin: Dialogue at the Boundaries, University of Waikato, New Zealand, January 2014. Also available here.
- ‘Russian Marxism, Hegemony and the Critique of Eurocentrism’, Tenth Historical Materialism Conference, School of African and Oriental Studies, University of London, November 2013
- ‘The Marrist Critique of Indo-Europeanism Revisited: Reconsidering its Roots and Heritage’, 150 Years of the Department of General Linguistics at St. Petersburg State University, Russia, August 2013.
- ‘Formalism, Sociological Poetics, and the Role of the Veselovskii Institute’, Invited presentation to 100 Years of Russian Formalism Conference at Russian State University of the Humanities and Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, August 2013
- The Early Soviet Critique of Indo-European Philology and the Bakhtin Circle, invited plenary address to Bakhtin in India: Exploring the Dialogic Potential in Self, Culture and History Conference, Central University of Gujarat, Gandhinagar, India August 2013.
- ‘The Living Word, Isegoria and the Politics of Deliberation in Revolutionary Russia’, Keynote address to 1ª Jornada Nacional História das Ideias: diálogos entre linguagem, cultura e história, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, August 2012.
- ‘Agitation, Propaganda and the Theory of Language in Early Soviet Russia’, The Second International Conference on Multicultural Discourses, Institute of Discourse and Cultural Studies, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China April 2007.
- Problems of Science and Ideology in the History of Early Soviet Sociolinguistics’, Research seminar, Dept. of Ethnography, European University St. Petersburg, Russia, April 2006.
- ‘Filosofskie istochniki idei V.N. Voloshinova’ [The Philosophical sources of the ideas of V.N. Voloshinov], Research Seminar, Department of General Linguistics, St. Petersburg State University, April 2006.
Research students currently supervised
- Julia Allison
- Elena Platonova
- MDL103 Introduction to European Cinema
- MDL6001 Research Methods for Modern Languages
- MDL6002 Dissertation Support
- RUS117 The Soviet Union 1917-1991
- RUS120 Introduction to Russian Culture
- RUS312 Politics and Culture in the USSR 1917-38
- RUS6700 Critical Theory I
- RUS6710 Critical Theory II