Photo of Dr Paul James Cardwell, Lecturer

Dr Paul James Cardwell

Position: Reader and Deputy Head of School
Email Address:
Telephone: +44 (0)114 222 6871
Room No: CF06

Academic Profile

I joined the School of Law in 2003 and was promoted to Reader in EU External Relations Law in 2011. I have published widely on the external relations of the EU, as well as other areas of EU law and politics and UK constitutional law. My first monograph, EU External Relations and Systems of Governance: the CFSP, Euro-Mediterranean Partnership and Migration, was published by Routledge in 2009 and took an interdisciplinary approach to the subject. I have also published related pieces on the law and politics of EU engagement with neighbourhood states in leading journals, including on democracy promotion. My current research focuses on the internal-external nexus in EU law and policy and a monograph on this topic will be published by Routledge in 2014.
I hosted a two-day international conference on EU External Relations Law and Policy in the Post-Lisbon Era in the School of Law in January 2011 which was generously funded by the Modern Law Review and UACES. An edited collection of selected contributions with the same title was published by TMC Asser Press/Springer in November 2011. I also hosted an interdisciplinary workshop on Ethics, Moral Responsibility and Politics of Democracy Promotion: Political Choices for International Actors in Sheffield in January 2010.

Other recent publications cover topics including the EU's democracy promotion methods, the role of the European Court of Justice in the EU’s constitutional order, EU external investment Law, the relationship between EU and International Law (in particular in relation to the ECJ's Kadi case-law), environmental law and developments in UK Constitutional Law.

I am currently the Deputy Head of the School of Law, with specific responsibility for internationalisation. I was previously responsible for developing our extensive network of international exchange links, and encouraging Law students to take the many opportunities Sheffield offers to spend a year studying abroad.

I am the Director of the Sheffield Centre for International and European Law, which hosted the International Law Association (ILA) British branch conference in 2011, and a member of the Centre for the Study of Law in Society.

I was awarded the title of Senate Award Fellow in July 2010 in recognition of my efforts to internationalise the student experience in Law and improve the giving of feedback within large-scale modules in Law.

I was elected Treasurer of the University Association for Contemporary European Studies (UACES) in 2013 and I am also an Honorary Fellow of the Europa Institute, University of Edinburgh.


  • PhD in Law, University of Edinburgh
  • DEA (diplôme d’études approfondis – French Master’s degree) in Comparative Politics and International Relations, Sciences Po Bordeaux
  • LLM in Law (by research), University of Warwick. Research undertaken at Nagoya University, Japan and as a research trainee at the Delegation of the European Commission, Tokyo
  • LLB Law (European), University of Warwick

Teaching and Learning

In my undergraduate teaching, I have been particularly passionate about ensuring that students feel fully supported throughout the modules. I have obtained funding for two teaching-related projects: one on giving feedback in large-scale, core modules (with Dr R Kirkham) and the other on the integration of UK and non-UK students in the learning environment for Law (with Dr E Dunant).

I am a great advocate of studying abroad (through Erasmus and other link) as an essential part of an undergraduate degree programme. I was awarded the title of Senate Fellow in 2010 for my success in making the School of Law the most active UK Law School in terms of sending our students to study abroad for a year.

In all my teaching, I place great emphasis in understanding the contemporary and political context of the study of Law. Both my undergraduate and postgraduate teaching draws strongly on my own research interests in EU Law, in particular on EU External Relations. I am strongly committed to involving postgraduate students as much as possible in the development of my teaching, to ensure it has contemporary relevance as well as drawing on the different experiences and knowledge our students seek to gain in relation to the EU.

The modules I teach are:

Undergraduate Postgraduate and MA
Introduction to Constitutional Law Legal Aspects of the European Union's External Relations
Administrative Law and Justice EU Constitutional Law
European Union Law Judicial Protection in the European Union
Current Issues in EU Law EU Internal Market Law

Research Interests

  • EU External Relations and Foreign Policy
  • The Constitutional Order of the EU
  • Regional Integration and Global Governance
  • The Relationship between EU and International Law
  • UK Constitutional Law

Areas of Research Supervision

I am currently supervising three PhD students in the School of Law. I would be delighted to hear from prospective students who are interested in research degrees in the following areas:

  • EU External Relations Law and Foreign Policy
  • EU Enlargement and European Neighbourhood Policy
  • EU Constitutional Law
  • Global Governance and Regional Integration
  • EU Migration Law and Policy

Recent Invited Papers and Keynote Lectures

  • ‘Redefining EU Scholarship of the 21st Century EU’, National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata, India (February 2013).
  • ‘The Future of the EU and the UK’s Role in it’, Invited Lecture, Asia-Europe Institute, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (November 2012).
  • ‘EU Democracy support in the ‘new’ Neighbourhood: a legal approach?’, Invited Lecture, Central European University, Budapest, Hungary (February 2012)
  • ‘The External Identity of the European Union as a ‘Democracy Promoter’: Myth or Reality?’, Invited Plenary Session Speaker, Conference on Identity in the Era of Globalization and Europeanization, St Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje, Macedonia (November 2011)
  • 'The Treaty of Lisbon and External Relations'. Invited Lecture, University of Leicester (October 2010)
  • ‘Internal Market and External Relations’, Invited Lecture, University of Zagreb, Croatia (May 2010)
  • ‘The Governance of Migration in the EU’s Mediterranean and Neighbourhood Policies: meeting point of the EU’s External and Internal spheres?’, Public Lecture, Europa House, Valetta, Malta (May 2010)
  • ‘EU External Relations and Democracy Promotion’, Foreign and Commonwealth Office Chevening Course for Overseas Professions ‘Using Democracy for Peace’ (February 2010).

Key Projects/Grants

Awarding Body: University Association for Contemporary European Studies (UACES)
People Involved: Dr P J Cardwell
Title/Description: EU External Relations Law and Policy in the Post-Lisbon Era (conference funding)
Years Funded for: 2011
Awarding Body: Modern Law Review
People Involved: Dr P J Cardwell
Title/Description: EU External Relations Law and Policy in the Post-Lisbon Era (conference funding)
Years Funded for: 2011
Awarding Body: University of Sheffield Learning and Teaching Services
People Involved: Dr P J Cardwell and Dr R M Kirkham
Title/Description: Providing better student feedback in the context of large-scale learning environments
Years Funded for: 2008-2010
Amount: £7598

Professional Activities and Recognition

  • Treasurer, University Association for Contemporary European Studies (UACES) (2013-17) and previously Committee Member (2010-2013)
  • University of Sheffield Senate Award Fellow for Excellence in Learning and Teaching
  • Chair, University of Sheffield Discipline Committee
  • Chair, Appeals Committee of the Senate of the University of Sheffield
  • Member of the Lord Chancellor’s Advisory Committee on Justices of the Peace
  • Commendation from the British Council for increase in participation by Law students in the Erasmus-LLP programme
  • Honorary Fellow, Europa Institute, University of Edinburgh
  • External Examiner, University of Sussex; University of Abertay Dundee

Key Publications


  • Cardwell PJ (2011) EU External Relations Law and Policy in the Post-Lisbon Era. Springer.
  • Cardwell PJ (2009) EU External Relations and Systems of Governance. Routledge Cavendish.

Journal articles

  • Cardwell PJ (2013) On 'Ring-fencing' the Common Foreign and Security Policy in the Legal Order of the European Union. Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly.
  • Cardwell PJ (2013) New Modes of Governance in the External Dimension of EU Migration Policy. International Migration, 51(6), 54-66.
  • Cardwell PJ (2011) EuroMed, European Neighbourhood Policy and the Union for the Mediterranean: Overlapping Policy Frames in the EU's Governance of the Mediterranean. Journal of Common Market Studies, 49(2), 219-241.
  • Cardwell PJ (2011) Mapping Out Democracy Promotion in the EU's Expernal Relations. European Foreign Affairs Review, 16, 21-40.
  • Cardwell PJ (2011) EuroMed, ENP and the Union for the Mediterranean: Overlapping policy Frames in the UE's Governance of the Mediterranean. Journal of Common Market Studies, 49(2), 219-241.