Referencing and Writing Skills
APA Method of Citation
It is vital to cite published works correctly; students often lose marks, or, even worse, commit plagiarism, through incorrect citation. And yet correct citation is very easy to achieve, as simple, step-by-step instructions are readily available, as explained in this section.
You must use the APA system method of citation, explained in detail here:
Information Skills Resource: Information School
Follow the link "APA Referencing for the Information School". Bookmark the Library Information Skills Resource, and refer to it every time you write assessed work.
Correct referencing is vitally important, so if you encounter any difficulty with it, or you are unsure, always ask a member of academic staff for assistance. If you fail to use the citation method correctly, you will lose marks, and you may even commit plagiarism (see Unfair Means for more information).
Harvard Method of Citation for continuing students
Level 3 undergraduate students and continuing PGT students who were originally introduced to the Harvard method of citation may still use Harvard if they so wish. Access the Information Skills Resource above, and follow the link "Harvard Referencing for the Information School".
You will find a wide range of very useful writing skills on the University´s Information Skills Hub:
You may also find the following useful:
Guidance on use of English, grammar, punctuation etc:
- Grimond, J. (2001?). Research Tools: Style Guide [Online]. London: Economist. http://www.economist.com/research/StyleGuide/ [Accessed August 2008]
- Gowers, E. (1987). The Complete Plain Words. 3rd ed. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
- Kramer, M.G., Leggett, G. & Mead, C.D. (1995). Prentice Hall Handbook for Writers. 12th ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
- Trask, R.L. (1997). The Penguin Guide to Punctuation. London: Penguin.
- Trask, R.L. (2002). Mind the gaffe: The Penguin Guide to Common Errors in English. London: Penguin. [is also relevant but not currently in the library]
Guidance on writing essays, reports and dissertations:
- Clanchy, J. & Ballard, B. (1998). How to Write Essays: A Practical Guide for Students. 3rd ed. South Melbourne: Longman.
- Cottrell, S. (1999) The Study Skills Handbook. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
- Creme, P. & Lea, M.R. (2003). Writing at University: A Guide for Students. 2nd ed. Maidenhead: Open University Press.
- Fairbairn, G.J. & Winch, C. (1996). Reading, Writing and Reasoning: A Guide for Students. 2nd ed. Buckingham: Open University Press.
- Hall, G.M. (ed.) (2003). How to Write a Paper. 3rd ed. London: BMJ Publishing Group. (This has a lot of medical related examples but the general principles are still useful. Available as an electronic book via http://www.shef.ac.uk/library/ebooks/htohz.html).
- Hart, C. (1998). Doing a Literature Review. London: Sage.
- Lindsay, D. (1995). A Guide to Scientific Writing. 2nd ed. Melbourne: Longman. (Includes advice about giving oral presentations).